Understand What Periodontal Disease is
The most basic fact that you need to know about the periodontitis or the gum disease is that this is very common and has been able to affect 80% of the population. The gingivitis on the other hand is what you are able to hear most of the time when it comes to the toothpaste manufacturers. When there is an inflammation of the gums then this is gingivitis. What you need to know about this is that aside from your gums being swollen and red, there is also a good chance that it will bleed when you decide to floss. If you want to subside the inflammation then the best thing for you to do is to floss and brush. It is actually due to the presence of plaque as to why gingivitis occurs. And since there is already accumulation of bacteria then plaque occurs. If you will not remove this then what is bound to happen is that the gums will become swollen and red. It is actually gingivitis that is considered as the first stage of the gum disease.
There are various forms of gum diseases and a very serious one is none other than the periodontitis. One of the most basic facts that you need to know about periodontitis is that it is not only limited to affecting the gums. The periodontitis as a matter of fact can cause adverse effects to the bone that is supporting the teeth. The classification of the periodontitis is based on various factors. The severity of the disease is the basis since it can either be advanced, mild or moderate. There are in fact also various reasons as to why a person can have periodontitis. Some of the causes are namely the following: systemic disease, bacteria, immune system and genetics. It will take a few years before a person will be aware of the changes caused by the disease. The reason behind this is because the gum diseases advance asymptomatically and slowly. When a person has periodontal disease, one can expect the results such as reduce in the support for the teeth and bone loss as well. There is now a space that is called as the periodontal pocket for the reason that there is a space that will be created between the gum and tooth.
A measurement of 3 mm or less is what the measurement between the tooth and gum is for a person that has normal health. The periodontal pocket can range from 4 mm to 12 mm or even more. What you also need to know about the periodontal pocket is that this is the reason as to why it can be virtually impossible to be able to have the bacteria removed. This is the kind of environment that the bacteria can thrive and live in.
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